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Acne is well-known and spreaded skin condition caused by the overproduction of the oil in human skin.
This oil is known as sebum. Human skin has small holes called pores which connect to oil glands located under the skin. This glands are linked to the pores via follicles – small canals. In normal conditions this oil lubrikates the skin. However, sometimes it gets stuck in blocked oil ducts and forms various symptoms of acne known as pimples, blackheads and whiteheads and this then appear on surface of the skin.
Quite often it also includes deeper skin lesions that are called cysts. Skin areas with the biggest portion of oil glands are the most vulnerable to suffer from acne.
Areas with the highest density of the oil glands are:
- the face
- the chest
- the back
For instance, it is estimated that there are 2,000 oil glands per square inch on the forehead alone. This skin ailment is totally harmless, but can leave scars that are unsightly specifically when they appear on the face. Although many people think of acne only as the erupted, red form of acne often referred to as a zit or pimple, acne also includes some non-inflamed forms, known as comedones.
There are various types of pimples
- Whiteheads – formed when the mass of bacteria and sebum formed by a blocked follicle stay underneath the surface of the skin, and can be extremely small, sometimes even invisible to the eye.
- Blackheads – formed when the erupted mass is open to the surface, allowing the melanin in the trapped sebum to oxidize and become black.
- Papules – visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps, usually pink.
- Pustules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top.
- Nobules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. They are painful and are embedded deep in the skin.
- Cysts – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful, and are filled with pus. Cysts can easily cause scars.
Sometimes you can read about different causes of acne.You absolutely need to know, that was not discovered or proven what is the exact cause. Poor hygiene, harmful diet or an uncontrolled sex drive are often falsely considered as the causes. The simple truth is that heredity and hormones are behind most forms of acne. Therefore having a bath 6 times a day or swearing off the chocolate won’t change your predisposition to this discomforting skin problem.
Although acne remains largely a curse of adolescence, about 20% of all cases occur in grown ups. It typically starts with puberty. People with dry skin mostly have much less obvious symptoms and the one with oily skin. Teenage acne usually disappers at the age of ealy 20s and it occurs in both sexes. It occurs in both sexes, although teenage boys tend to have the most severe cases.
What Causes Acne
The cause of facial acne is not completely recognized and none of the minor factors were verified as the exact cause. It is considered as a result of many several elements coming together.
Those who are vulnerable to acne often have skin that is oilier than average. This oil than creates an impaction as it gets stucked withing the pore. Acneic skin also generates more dead skin cells than is typical, and those skin cells are not being eliminated the right way.
When the pores become blocked, the bacterium that is present in the human skin pores grows uncontrolled. These dead cells stick to the surface of the skin and inside the follicles, mixing with excess oil and creating a comedo.
An increased number of male sex hormone named androgen is considered to be one crucial factor. These increase in both boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum.
Other factors are associated with pregnancy and stopping birth control pills because both make hormonal changes in womens body. Studies have shown that acne can be inherited from parents as many teens struggling from acne have a family history of this skin disease. Certain drugs, including androgens and lithium, are known to cause facial acne. Greasy cosmetics may alter the cells of the follicles and make them stick together, producing a plug.
There are many myths about what causes acne.
Probably the most spreaded are:
- Chocolate, candy and fat food. It was not confirmed or verified that food has an impact on acne. For sure chocolate, French fries and pizza can’t cause you and acne.
- Dirty skin. Blackheads and other acne lesions are not caused by dirt
- Stress. This psychical condition can’t develop acne, although it is believed it can worsen it.
- Catching from other people. Acne is not contagious disorder and is totally harmless for people around.
If you’re suffering from acne and want to find some of the best acne treatment available online check out our review of the top acne treatment products.